So my task a few weeks ago: to turn Propellerhead Record software into a CD mastering tool. Keep in mind most of my tracks were already created in Reason and mostly fully formed. I had 12 tracks to master. My results:
- Open Record and go into File > Create from Template > Album Mastering. The template opens with the default mastering suite as an insert effect before 10 empty audio tracks. Ok. not great. But just ok. I think what would have made it better here is if there were some reverb already plugged into the master FX sends, with all the sends switched on the master mixer and set to a low value (saving some steps here would do wonders). Though, since you can create your own templates out of anything, it’s not a major issue.
- I created two additional audio tracks (I have 12 tracks in total on my new CD project, not 10).
- I updated the master insert effects with the mastering combinator. Under the Master Section, click “Show insert FX” to expand the FX section, and update the empty mastering suite with your own mastering FX. In this case, I used the “Dance” combinator, as I really like the sound that this mastering combinator gives to my own music. I realize that usually this is the last step when mastering the mix, and this may seem kind of backwards, but I find that once I have all the tracks laid out and they are ready to be mastered, I’d rather listen to how these FX work with each track and do all the final adjustments from there. And if you don’t want to do it this way, you can always bypass the Insert FX with the click of a button, toggling the dance combi on and off. A great way to see how it affects each track.
- I added two reverbs as send effects I added the “All Plate Spread” and “All Warm Plate” RV7000 units as send FX in the Master Section. I also set the dry/wet amounts very low (setting on 5 for each). This was done to add a little smooth reverb to all my tracks and make them “fit” or “glue” better together (see step 1 above — would have been nice if this step was already done).
- Added each song (wav) file to each of the audio tracks using the File > import audio track on each channel and set them up one after the other in the sequencer timeline.
- Turned on “send 1” and “send 2” for all the audio tracks so the reverbs I set up were audible. Adjusted the send levels for each track to taste.
- Now the hard part: On the Main Mixer I adjusted compression settings for the Master Compressor, as well as for individual tracks. Also adjusted the LPF/HPF on some tracks, though not very much because as I say, all the work was already done in reason, and I didn’t want to go overboard. This process took a few days as I didn’t want to rush it and suffer from ear fatigue when adjusting these settings.
- Now the hard part (part 2): listened to each track once or twice and adjusted the volume levels so that they were just below clipping. My intention was to have them all evened out. I got about halfway through and called it quits for the night. Finished it in about 2 nights. For what it’s worth, I find that even if the song shows clipping in Reason or Record here and there (via the clip out light on the transport panel), as long as the clipping light is shown infrequently, and they are short clips, it doesn’t affect the final mixdown or output. Since this is the final adjustment before bouncing, I don’t mind pushing it. If I were still in the mixing stage, I would leave more headroom (about 2-3 dB).
- Set up the L/R markers in the sequencer and bounced each song (LOOP) to an audio file individually. Loop is in caps for a reason. Since all the tracks are in the sequencer in sequence (how self-reflexive), each song is really considered a loop by the software. So don’t make the mistake of bouncing the song, otherwise you’ll end up with one huge wav file of the whole CD (of course, this may be what you’re after, but probably not).
Note: since you can’t insert a combi inside the master section, one way to add the Dance mastering combi in there is to first right-click over the front of the master section and select “Clear Insert FX,” then create the dance combi underneath the master section (hold down shift, so it is not auto connected. Expand it, select all the devices inside it and then drag them into the master section. Flip the rack around and move the blue “To Devices” L and R cables which are still connected to the dance combi to the master sections “To Devices” L and R cables. Do the same for the “From Devices” cables and then delete the now-empty dance combi. Voila, the Dance combi and all connections are inside the master section as Insert FX (see the image below for a look at the back of the rack and the connections.
Note: You can also set your tracks up on top of each other in a stack if you prefer. This is probably a wiser course of action, but as this was my first time using Record to master my CD, I opted to try laying things out on a timeline. The benefit to laying it out sequentially is that you can track the total time of your songs combined. The downside is that it makes for a real pain when it comes to bouncing each song individually to a wav file. There’s a lot of movement of the L / R markers in the sequencer at that stage.
Note: it was at this point I realized something. I had one track out of the 12 whose tempo was faster than it should have been. It took me a while, but I figured out that this was the only track that was output from Record, not Reason. When you import an audio track that was produced with record, it understands the tempo data from the file (The track was 100 bpm, while my “CD Mastering” project tempo was 120). If you import a wav file that was created via Reason’s export, it shows “no tempo data” which I still find a little odd.
Soooooooo…. I went to the tempo transport in the sequencer and switched the tempo to 100 for the duration of that one track. Problem fixed.
It was also at this point that I was glad that Record didn’t make the connection and understand the Reason song tempos. Otherwise I’d have to go back and write down the tempo of each of my songs, and then change the transport’s tempo over each song to match. What a pain that would have been.
Update: Mattpiper provided this nice little tip which avoids having to use the Tempo Automation Track: “In Record, you can right-click on any clip and select “Disable Stretch.” Then the clip will not have its tempo affected by the song tempo.” — Thanks Matt!
Back to my strategy:
It’s times like this I wish I could set up multiple start/stop markers within Record, and bounce them all to individual tracks with one click of a button. But Record just isn’t there yet. Note to props: this would be a great addition! Also, the whole project turned out to be 1.5GB, so it’s not for the feint of heart. But it’s worthwhile to do if it’s going to make all my tracks have a certain amount of consistency across the board.
Now tell me: do you think this is an approach that makes sense? I know we all have different approaches when it comes to mastering, but is there anything you would do differently? Anything you would add or subtract from this process? Any suggestions to improve this process? Would anyone care to share their own process using Record?
If you would like to listen to the final result, all the tracks on the CD can be found here: http://www.phisequence.com
Also, if you would like the template file, I’ve created the one I set up here, with the Dance Combi and Reverbs in the Master Section, as well as all the sends turned on. I also added the extra two audio tracks:
Download the cd-master-tpl (zip file)
14 thoughts on “1 – Record as a CD Mastering Tool”
FYI: when clicking on your link for your finished tracks I get a 404 error. I really wanted to hear the final product!
When I switched this site over to a new domain name, that link got lost in translation. It’s working now. Sorry for the confusion!
I don’t know Rob. I just get a ‘Not Found’ error now. I cleared my browsers cache and I still can’t access the file to listen to it!
Again, that was my fault. I updated my music page, and the update didn’t include that link. I know: Excuses excuses. However, if you go to http://www.phisequence.com you’ll see there are some free tracks there. The CD “Mount Royal & Fairmount” is the one that has been mastered through Record in the method I’ve outlined. And there is a free song there “A View from the Edge” which is from that CD. Again, I’m really sorry. But everything is now worked out.
My only question is why did you use the mixer compression when you could use the M-Class compressor in the master section thats already turned on (at least thats how I have my template set up). I find the mixer compressor make’s the shit im doing sound too punchie and creates a lot of fluxuation between the snare and bass drum on my recordings.
Actually can anyone tell me how the CD mastering unit sets up a file that is acknowledged a full CD yet separates the tracks?
I don’t think there’s anything inherently right or wrong with yours or my approach here. I was using the M Class Compressor in the Master section and the Mixer Master Bus Compressor in tandem. I find that the Mixer’s Master Bus Compressor can sometimes help to round out the sounds for the entire mix. But as you point out, you don’t necessarily have to use it. You can just as easily use only one compressor in the Master Section or use only the Master Bus Compressor in the mixer. Or don’t use any compression at all – egads! 😉
As to your second question, I’m not sure what you mean when you say “how the CD mastering unit sets up a file that is acknowledged a full CD yet separates the tracks”? Can you be more specific? Are you looking to bounce the individual tracks? In which case you can go to File > Bounce Mixer Channels. If you do this though, I believe you’ll get a lot of empty space before and after each track because of the way the tracks are laid out sequentially in the mixer. Better to line up all songs on top of each other in the timeline (so that all songs start at zero — all songs are “Stacked” on top of each other), then set your loop markers from the beginning of the timeline (left loop marker) to the end of the longest song (right loop marker). Then use the File > Bounce Mixer Channels dialog. This way you will only need to edit out the ends of each track afterward. What would be a nice feature is the ability to select multiple Left/Right Loop points in the sequencer so that you can bounce variable length tracks at once and with ease. But this is Record 1.0 and we’re just not there yet.
If you want the entire CD as one file, you simply go to file > Export Song as Audio File. In this case, DO NOT stack the tracks on top of each other. Leave them sequential in the mixer.
Rob – It would be interesting if you would update this, or add a comment, as to the process you’re using now. I feel it’s a good idea to add the final mastering step, even though as you say, if created in Reason, the tracks are already fairly well formed.
BTW: Just am getting started thru your tutorials/articles. A great resource.
@Randy, I’ll see about working on a new tutorial to update the process. I can’t remember the last time I actually completed a track. Seems all I do these days is create patches and work on writing tips and tricks. lol. But I’ll see what I can come up with. So much to write and so little time to write it. Cheers! And thanks for your post!
i’m bumping your comment from january, rob. i’d especially be interested to know if you’ve delved into using ozone or other re-rack goodies such. keep up the good work. (including your fantastic refills!) 🙂 h
Hi Holly. I haven’t delved into Ozone. I’ve delved into Polar, Pulsar, Etch Red, and just starting to work on AutoTheory. I’ve also tested out a smattering of other devices. I don’t always get as much time as I would like with all the great Rack Extensions. But hopefully I’ll get to more of them in the coming months. Right now is one of those busy times. But I do have a few projects in the works that should help everyone out. Including some ReFills. 😉
Just a quick message to say thanks for making the article available, it really helped to get a project finished.
Next step that I took, moving forward from using your methods, I bounced the entire mix down to one complete take.. then loaded in Audacity (free on Windows) and chopped up the tracks using the method of marking splices and exporting multiple files; that you had eluded to..
I found a guide for that: http://audacity.sourceforge.net/help/faq_i18n?s=files&i=split
I hope that helps the next
All the best, happy creating all
No problem. I’m glad you found it useful KD! Note that you can slice loops within Reason if you have Reason 7.0. That’s now integrated into Reason. Cheers!